Elihu Vedder

(1836-1923)

Elihu Vedder was one of the earliest American painters to take seriously the art of painting the undraped human form. In an era when the nude was more often than not a subject of embarrassment and public recrimination in America, Vedder, as an expatriate in Italy, sought instead to emulate Renaissance masters such as Titian and Michelangelo, believing the study of their work and more generally the study of the human figure at rest and in motion to be fundamental to the creation of his own allegorical illustrations and murals.