Thomas Buford Meteyard

(1865-1928)

Thomas Buford Meteyard, born in Rock Island, Illinois in 1865, was one of the most interesting figures of the American expatriate community in France and England in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Like Robert Vonnoh and John Leslie Breck, Meteyard flourished in Giverny under the influence of the French Impressionists, and was one of the first Americans to be included in the early Post-Impressionist exhibitions.

In the mid-1880s, Meteyard studied at Harvard University and then at the atelier of Leon Bonnat in Paris. While in France he also studied with Alfred Phillippe Roll, August- Joseph Delecluse, and possibly Pierre Puvis de Chavannes. By 1890 he had found his way to Giverny and came under the influence of Monet. It was during the course of his visits to the village in the early 1890s that Meteyard began to develop an interest in graphic art and created the first issue of the Courier Innocent. In France he also associated with the Symbolist poet Stéphane Mallarmé and his circle.

Meteyard returned to the United States in 1893, settling in Massachusetts, where he worked as a painter and become involved as illustrator for the The Knight Errant, A Quarterly Review of the Liberal Arts and Mohogany Tree, two major American Arts and Crafts periodicals which were published in Boston in the early 1890s, and joined the informal group the Visionists. Throughout Meteyard’s career he maintained a great interest in literature and literary publications. From 1894-1910, the artist lived in Scituate, Massachusetts. In 1910, he settled permanently in England Meteyard’s work was widely recognized in the United States, France, and England, and important solo exhibitions of his work were held at the Doll & Richards Gallery in Boston, the Galeries George Petit, in Paris, and at the London Fine Art Society.